Q. What is violence against women?
A. In 1993 the United Nations General Assembly declared Violence Against Women as ‘any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life’.

Q. What kind of relationships can suffer from domestic violence?
A. Intimate relationships vary in duration and legal formality, including current and former dating, common-law, and married couples. Intimate relationships encompass opposite and same-sex partners, and are diverse with respect to the age, race, physical ability, and socioeconomic status of partnerships. Although both women and men can be victims of domestic violence, the overwhelming majority of this violence involves men using violence against women.

Q. How can I get support if I’m a victim?
A. Please contact one of our partners directly to receive support if you or someone you know has experienced, or is experiencing domestic or sexual violence. Click here to view a list of our partners or call 1-800-265-5506 for 24 hour support and information.

Q. Does domestic violence always involve assault?
A. Domestic Violence is committed in a context where there is a pattern of abusive and controlling behaviour. Domestic violence may include physical, emotional, psychological, spiritual, financial, digital, and/or sexual abuse. It can include threats to harm past or present partners, children, family members, pets and property. The violence is used to intimidate, humiliate or frighten victims in order to control and isolate them. Domestic violence may include a single and violent act of abuse, or may include a number of emotional and behavioural acts that collectively form a pattern of abuse.

Q. What are the criminal code offenses involved with domestic assault?
A. Criminal Code offences include, but are not limited to homicide, assault, sexual assault, threatening death or bodily harm, forcible confinement, harassment/stalking, abduction, breaches of court orders and property-related offences.